One important factor noted in the broadcast is the fine line between criminal activity and national security threats. The difference is not so much technique as motive:
"The difference between cybercrime, cyber-espionage, and cyberwar is a couple of keystrokes," says [Richard] Clarke [former Presidential cyber security adviser]. "The same technique that gets you in to steal money, patented blueprint information or chemical formulas is the same technique that a nation-state would use to get in and destroy things."
Cyber Insecurity: U.S. Struggles To Confront Threat